Understanding pH in Food and Methods for Testing pH Levels

vegetables in agricultural field

The pH level in food plays a crucial role in determining its taste, texture, safety, and shelf life. As a result, it is one of the foremost considerations in various aspects of food production, preservation, and quality control. This article delves into understanding the significance of pH in food, different methods for testing pH levels, […]

Ion Selective Electrode

An ion selective electrode is a unique sensor that measures the concentration of specific ions in a solution. It is also known as a specific ion electrode and membrane electrode. Because of its uniqueness, its application cuts across several fields, including environmental monitoring, medical diagnostics, and industrial processes. This article explores what an ion-selective electrode […]

Ballast Water Treatment – Importance, Methods, and Regulations

Large anchored cargo ship discharging ballast water

Ballast water treatment systems remove and destroy both biological and non-biological substances from ballast water. This article reviews the importance of ballast water treatment systems, some common methods, industry regulations, and selecting the ideal method. Importance of Ballast Water Treatment Systems Since the advent of steel-hulled ships, water continues to serve as ballast to stabilize […]

Optimizing Hydroponic Systems

hydroponic plant farm

Hydroponics refers to growing plants using a water-based nutrient solution rather than soil. This nutrient solution may include an aggregate substrate or growing media like peat moss, vermiculite, coconut coir, or perlite. Initially, this farming system was for studying plant nutrition, hobbyists, and small farmers. However, with declining agricultural lands due to increased population, urbanization, […]

The Role of Liquid Sensors in Environmental Monitoring

sensors icons with environmental background

Liquid sensors play an important role in environmental monitoring so as to safeguard our planet’s resources. From detecting pollution to maintaining water quality and promoting conservation efforts, these sensors have become indispensable tools. This article reviews what environmental monitoring is, and the role of liquid sensors in populations with limited access to clean water. What […]

Chlorine Disinfection of Water: Free Chlorine and Total Chlorine Sensors

chlorine tablets near a swimming pool

Free and total chlorine measurements are important when determining the effectiveness of water treatment efforts. This is because they provide insight into the interaction between chlorine and contaminants, as well as help in delivering the right chlorine dosage. In this article, we review what free chlorine and total chlorine are, their sensors and their importance […]

Cooling Tower Water Treatment

Cooling tower chiller chimmey

In this article, we discuss the importance of assessing cooling tower water quality, methods of testing, and common treatment processes.

What is the pH of Drinking Water?

glass of drinking water

This article reviews the importance of pH in drinking water, optimal pH range for drinking water, how to measure it, and its health effects.